These 4 groups of people are high-risk groups of esophageal cancer, and daily prevention is required. Let’s see if you are there.

Esophageal cancer originates from esophageal epithelium and is one of the common tumors in the digestive tract. The main pathological type is squamous cell carcinoma, the site of the disease is usually the middle segment of the esophagus, followed by the lower and upper segments.

This disease has a high morbidity and mortality rate today and is a serious threat to human health. The disease has a certain incidence of the population, generally people with the following conditions are high-risk groups of the disease.

1. Long-term drinking

Long-term alcohol consumption, especially people who cite high alcohol consumption, is one of the high-risk groups for the disease. When alcohol enters the esophagus, it will cause a burning sensation and damage the mucosa of the esophagus.

When the mucosa is continuously damaged, it can lead to malignancy of the epithelium, which then induces the disease. Therefore, people with long-term drinking habits should reduce or try not to drink alcohol to reduce the risk of the disease.

2. Improper diet

Many people like to eat sauerkraut, pickled food. Although these foods are delicious, regular consumption can easily induce the disease. Among them, sauerkraut contains a large amount of nitrosamines, which are extremely strong carcinogens, which can easily make esophageal epithelial cells cancerous.

Preserved foods contain more nitrite, and these nitrites also enter the body and convert into nitrosamines, which are carcinogenic. Therefore, it is recommended to eat less sauerkraut and pickled foods to reduce the risk of the disease.

3. Picky eaters

People who are often picky eaters are prone to lack of nutrients such as zinc, molybdenum, and vitamins in their bodies. In the absence of zinc, the activity of various enzymes in the body will be reduced or lost, resulting in decreased immunity, blocked cell apoptosis, Improve susceptibility to esophageal cancer.

And molybdenum is an important structural component of nitrate reductase and some oxidase. If there are some components, nitrate in plants will accumulate, and under certain conditions, carcinogens such as nitrosamine will be generated, which will induce the disease. Therefore, it is necessary to correct the bad habits of picky eaters, eat a reasonable diet, and ensure a balanced nutrition.

4. Long-term smoking

The nicotine in tobacco will directly stimulate the esophageal mucosa, destroy the mucosal barrier, and then accelerate esophagitis and esophageal ulcers and other diseases, and prolong its healing, further induce cancer. Therefore, smoking cessation is recommended to reduce damage to the esophageal mucosa and reduce the risk of developing the disease.

The above are the high-risk groups of esophageal cancer. These groups usually need to correct bad habits and do a good job in the prevention of this disease. reduce or avoid the disease.

In addition, the disease has a certain tendency to familial inheritance, so people with a family history should undergo regular endoscopy, imaging, laboratory /strong>And many other inspections to prevent the occurrence of the disease.

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