Speaking of poetry, we should not be unfamiliar with this, because we have to learn poetry since elementary school. There may be many more catchy poems that you can read.
Like the verses that we can say casually, “the bright moonlight in front of the bed, it is suspected that it is frost on the ground”, and “the afternoon of the hoeing day, the sweat dripping down the soil” and so on, such verses In fact, it is what we are familiar with and can memorize in our hearts.
And our common poetry is Tang poetry and Song poetry. First of all, Tang poetry is one of the precious cultural heritage of the Chinese nation and a pearl in the treasure house of Chinese culture. In addition, there are mainly two types of ancient poetry in the Tang Dynasty, five-character and seven-character.
There are basically six basic forms of Tang poetry: five-character ancient poems, seven-character ancient poems, five-character quatrains, seven-character quatrains, five-character rhythm poems, and seven-character rhythm poems. In addition, learning Tang poetry is of great significance for later generations to study the politics, folk customs, customs, and culture of the Tang Dynasty.
The other one is Song Poetry. Song Poetry has long and short sentences, which is easy to sing. People’s descriptions of Song Poetry say that Song Poetry is the dazzling pearl in the crown of ancient Chinese literature. In the Langyuan of ancient Chinese literature, she is a fragrant and gorgeous garden.
And there are many representatives of Song Ci, such as Su Shi, Xin Qiji, Liu Yong, Li Qingzhao, etc. I think everyone is familiar with these poets, because we have all studied their poetry.
Generally speaking, ancient poets wrote a lot of classic poems. But there is a poet who only wrote two lines of poetry in his life. He is Su Lin, and the verse he wrote “The moon is the first to get the moon near the water, and the flowers and trees in the sun are easy to spring”, I think everyone will memorize it. And it is from Su Lin’s poem “Sentences”. You may ask why Su Lin only wrote these two lines of poems.
In fact, it was because Fan Zhongyan held important positions in the court many times, and one of the officials was named Su Lin .
Su Lin was a poet in Song Renzong’s period, and he inspected any county in Hangzhou. He was not well known at first, and his life is unknown. According to history, he was born in about 969 AD and died in 1052.
This Su Lin does have some literary talent, and he is also conscientious in his work. It’s just that he hasn’t been promoted in the inspection position for a long time, and he feels a little uncomfortable in his heart.
When Su Lin wrote this poem, he was serving as a patrol inspector and was often outside, but he was never promoted. Because it was not reused, Su Lin was always unhappy
When Su Lin saw Fan Zhongyan, he quickly took out the paper and wrote this poem seriously and gave it to Fan Zhongyan. Later, Fan Zhongyan also saw these two poems, so he immediately understood that it was Su Lin’s predicament. And after writing this poem, Su Lin was soon promoted by Fan Zhongyan.
After the story that Su Lin was recommended by these two poems spread, he became famous and became famous. He was dubbed the laziest poet in history by later generations.
This allusion was also included in the “Qing Ye Lu” by Yu Wenbao, a scholar of the Song Dynasty:
“Fan Wenzhenggong Town Qiantang, all soldiers and officers were recommended, and Su alone inspected When Lin disappeared, he wrote a poem saying: `The moon is the first to get the moon near the water, and the flowers and trees are easy to meet the spring`.”
Over time, these two poems were turned into an idiom: Near the water tower.
However, this well-known idiom seems to be a derogatory idiom today:
It is intended to ridicule those who have the convenience of “close to the water”, and take advantage of their own advantages to get the favor first.
As everyone knows, the origin of the idiom is not originally meant to be like this, but for memory.