The 41-year-old man’s diabetes and cataracts are all caused by “sweetness”

Cataract has always been considered to be an exclusive disease of the elderly, but in fact middle-aged and even young people may suffer from it! Mr. Xiao, who is only 41 years old this year, recently found out that he suffers from this “senile disease”, which is actually caused by diabetes.

According to Mr. Xiao’s recollection, he has been engaged in electric welding for decades. As early as more than 10 years ago, he found that his eyesight had deteriorated, but at that time he did not pay attention to it because he was busy with work and thought it was a long-term electric welding. The resulting occupational diseases, until the last year, have become more and more unclear, and have seriously affected the work, and the welding speed and quality have been greatly reduced.

Finally, Mr. Xiao came to Xiangtan Aier Eye Hospital under the introduction of a friend. The medical staff learned through systematic inspection and communication that Mr. Xiao had been suffering from diabetes for more than ten years, and this time it was also a complicated cataract caused by diabetes. “I’m only 41 years old. How can I get cataracts?” Mr. Xiao was surprised. Dean Hu Dong explained that this is different from the senile cataract that is often said. Complicated cataract refers to the clouding of the lens caused by intraocular diseases, and it is also the second common eye complication of diabetes. It usually occurs in the group of diabetic patients. Decreased vision, glare, etc. The best way is to control blood sugar first, and replace the cloudy intraocular lens through cataract surgery to achieve the purpose of improving vision.

President Hu Dong, considering that Mr. Xiao is still so young, has high requirements for visual quality, and he also hopes to return to work as soon as possible. It is Mr. Xiao’s more ideal surgical method to choose refractive cataract surgery with small incision and quick recovery. The operation time was finalized, and President Hu Dong personally performed phacoemulsification + refractive intraocular lens implantation for him. At present, Mr. Xiao’s vision has improved to 0.8, but he still needs to keep blood sugar and blood pressure in a stable range after surgery, and follow the doctor’s advice. , review regularly.

Dr. Hu Dong introduced that the risk of cataract in diabetic patients is 4 to 5 times higher than that in non-diabetic patients. Diabetic-complicated cataract develops earlier, develops faster, has higher nuclear hardness and is more serious. , the lens can quickly become cloudy in a short period of time, and vision can be severely reduced. In addition, diabetic patients have the characteristics of high blood sugar and difficult wound healing. If the operation is performed at a later stage, the difficulty and risk of the operation will be greatly increased.

In order to detect and treat eye lesions caused by diabetes in a timely manner, diabetic patients should receive regular eye examinations regardless of vision changes. For the treatment of diabetic cataract, the appropriate treatment plan can be selected according to the stage of the fundus disease and the degree of cataract lens opacity. Of course, it is necessary to cooperate with diabetes drugs to control blood sugar.

President Hu Dong reminded that cataracts are the number one blinding eye disease in the world. Although the incidence is high in middle-aged and elderly people, young people with diabetes or high myopia should also pay enough attention!

Reporter Zhang Shubo

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