China, with mountains and rivers, is a vast land. For tens of thousands of years, countless Chinese have spread their branches and built their homes on this land. They either proceeded from their beliefs, considered the defense of the enemy, or adapted measures to local conditions, and built various houses on the land of 9.6 million square kilometers.
Therefore, various styles of buildings bloom on the land of China, some are located on the plain, some are “Maverick”, set your eyes on the steep terrain, or the edge of the cliff where birds and beasts are rare.
Fanjing Mountain Jinding
Coordinates: Tongren City, Guizhou Province
Fanjing Mountain is located in the north of Guizhou, in a long section of In time, it has been silent like the “Island of Red Dust”. It was not until July 2, 2018, when it became China’s 53rd World Heritage Site, that Mount Fanjing began to shine.
Fanjing Mountain has three peaks: Phoenix Mountain with an altitude of 2570.5 meters, Laojin Mountain with an altitude of 2494 meters The top and the unusually prominent 2,336-meter new golden top sandwiched between the two.
The golden dome stands on a narrow ridge with a height difference of hundreds of meters. The body cracked to form a gorge that divided the golden top in two. There is a temple on each side of the golden dome, which is dedicated to Sakyamuni Buddha on one side and Maitreya Buddha on the other. At dawn and dusk, the surrounding red clouds reflect, so it is also known as “Red Cloud Golden Summit”.
Climbing to the top of the Golden Summit is a single method. With the help of iron chains, you can use both hands and feet to climb up. The higher you go, the more you follow. Hanging a few points, if you are not careful, you may fall into the abyss.
Coordinates: Dingqing County, Qamdo Region, Eastern Tibet
Zizhu Temple, known as “hanging in the sky” The temple is one of the highest temples in Tibet. It is built on the top of a 4,800-meter mountain. At the same time, it is also one of the most difficult to reach ancient temples in my country.
For more than 3,000 years, this place has been inaccessible, and even local Tibetans have rarely visited Zizhu Temple. Because it is too remote and dangerous.
Compared with the common temples living in the alleys of the market, Zizhu Temple looks like an out of place “ancient immortal” falling from the sky. palace”.
The Peak of Laojun
Coordinates: Luanchuan County, Luoyang City, Henan Province
“The unparalleled holy land in the world, the world’s first immortal mountain”.
Laojun Mountain, the holy place of the mainstream Taoist Quanzhen sect, has a human history of more than 2,000 years. It is said that Li Er (Lao Tzu), the founder of Taoism, once rode a green ox away from the world and returned to practice here. .
Laojun Mountain is the Qinling Yu The main peak of Maifuniu Mountain is 2,217 meters above sea level. The Taoist Temple on the top of Laojun Mountain is located on the top of the sea of clouds. From a distance, the magnificent golden-topped building looks like a heavenly palace.
Step on the steps and head up the mountain, as if walking to the heavenly palace step by step, all the smoky clouds in the world disappear in the sea of clouds.
< p>Jinding Guanyin Temple
Coordinates: Zhen’an County, Shangluo City, Shaanxi Province
Jinding Guanyin Temple is located in Tayun Mountain in southern Shaanxi. The top is 1,665 meters above sea level. Because of its shape like a pagoda and towering straight to the clouds, it has the reputation of “a golden top tattooed in the sky, among the clouds and mists in the Songhai”.
Golden Dome Guanyin Temple is a must of Tayun Mountain. This small temple, less than six square meters, hangs alone on a cliff of more than 1,500 meters. More than 400 years in the world.
Golden Top Guanyin Temple, known as “the most dangerous Taoist temple in the world”, it is suspended from the abyss on three sides, with stone strips paving the foundation, and four stone pillars inserted into the stone cracks. Thrilling.
Coordinates: Maiji District, Tianshui City, Gansu Province
Maiji Mountain, an isolated peak on Xiaolong Mountain, The mountain is not high, but it is famous all over the world because of a road.
A Silk Road channel, travel between Chinese and Western eminent monks, exchange classic culture, echo the millennium, and several generations of famous craftsmen have achieved small A thousand-year-old Buddhist country on Longshan Mountain – Maijishan Grottoes.
The Maijishan Grottoes were built in the post-Qin period of the Sixteen Kingdoms and have been excavated and repaired for more than 1600 years. At present, there are 221 niches in the cave and more than 10,000 statues of various types.
In the construction of ancient grottoes, the Maijishan Grottoes are the most difficult and dangerous place. The caves of the Maijishan Grottoes are connected by a plank road, and this plank road is extremely thrilling. There is a folklore that “cut the firewood in Nanshan and pile up the Maiji cliff”.
Coordinates: Dazi County, Lhasa City, Tibet
There is such a sentence in a Tibetan folk song: “Tibet The spiritual land of Lhasa is in Lhasa, and the spiritual land of Lhasa is in Yeba; if you go to Lhasa without Yeba, it is like making a new dress and forgetting to make a collar, and when you arrive in Yeba, if you don’t go to Zhayeba Monastery, it will be a regret for several generations.” p>
Zhayeba Monastery, one of the four major monasteries in Tibet, it is built on the mountain, with a cave and a monastery. Famous, the whole temple building is tightly embedded between the cliff peaks at an altitude of 4,000 meters. From a distance, it seems to grow out of thin air and is integrated with the mountain.
Zhayeba Temple with original The ecological caves are temples, and there are 108 meditation caves in front of the mountain, behind the mountains, and between the cliffs. The way to enter and exit the temple is only one step, climbing up the stairs, the mountain road twists and turns, up and down, walk a certain way, and enter a temple.
Coordinates: Hunyuan County, Datong City, Shanxi Province
This “Xiao Ke in the upper reaches, and the hustle and bustle down” The temple, which integrates three religions, was rated as one of the top ten strange and dangerous buildings in the world by Time Magazine. It was built in 491. It has no foundation of 1,000 tons, only a few wood supports.
Hangkong Temple was originally named “Xuankong Pavilion”, but later because the whole temple seemed to hang on the cliff, “Hangkong Temple” ” has the same pronunciation as “Xuan”, so it was renamed “Hangkong Temple”.
The pavilion Above is a dangerous rock, and below is a river that often floods. For thousands of years, the Hanging Temple has been located between such mountains and rivers, and it has never collapsed after landslides and earthquakes.
Baoshan Stone City
Coordinates: Baoshan Township, Yulong Naxi Autonomous County, Lijiang City, Yunnan Province
Baoshan Stone City is located in the northeast of Yulong Snow Mountain in Yunnan In the Jinsha River Canyon, the entire city is built on a boulder of about 0.5 square kilometers, hence the name Stone City. It has a history of more than 700 years. The houses are built according to the mountain and laid on the steep hillside, like a fortress beside the canyon.
The west, north and south sides of Stone City are all cliffs about 20-30 meters high. The Jinsha River has formed a dangerous terrain of “three mountains are facing the screen, one is facing the river”. The thorns here are dense and difficult to climb. The entire city has only two stone gates in the north and south. It is a city of natural danger in the true sense.
Coordinates: Sunan Yugur Autonomous County, Gansu Province
There are more than one Hanging Temple in China, located in Sunan, Gansu Province The Mati Temple in Mati Tibetan Township, Yugur Autonomous County is unique in that it is extremely large in scale.
It has seven floors up and down, a total of 21 caves, arranged in the shape of a pagoda, with a Buddhist hall inside and a cloister outside , the shape is peculiar. The grottoes are composed of Shengguo Temple, Puguang Temple, Thousand Buddha Caves, Jinta Temple, Upper, Middle and Lower Guanyin Caves. There are more than 70 caves in total, of which there are more than 500 cliffs and pagoda caves in Qianfo Cave.
Looking from a distance, before the cold Qilian Mountains, the thirty-three-day grottoes of Puguang Temple can be seen from afar. The unique shape shows the unique artistic temperament. Looking up at the main part of the Thirty-three Days Grottoes, the sense of danger suddenly arises.
Chengde Shuangta Mountain
Coordinates: Shuangluan District, Chengde City
Shuangta Mountain, one of the famous scenic spots in Chengde, is located 10 kilometers southwest of Chengde Mountain Resort. It is said that it is a mountain, but it is actually two huge stone pillars. They stand side by side, one is fat and one is thin, one is tall and the other is short. From a distance, they look like twin brothers. This is also the magic of Shuangta Mountain.
And what makes people even more amazing is that the mountain is almost 90 degrees perpendicular to the ground, but there are A brick pagoda, according to Ji Xiaolan’s “Yuewei Caotang Notes”, the two ancient pagodas may have been built in the Liao Dynasty.
However, the two peaks are surrounded by cliffs, which are extremely difficult to climb. Even now, it is difficult to climb the top of the mountain by human power without external force, so there is still an unsolved problem in Shuangta Mountain. The mystery is to future generations, how exactly were the twin towers of Shuangta Mountain built?
Fujian Lingtong Temple
Coordinates: Pinghe County, Zhangzhou City, Fujian Province
Lingtong Temple, hanging on Lingtong Mountain, “the first mountain in southern Fujian” On the stone wall, there is the reputation of “the most beautiful hanging temple in southern China”. When we arrived at the Banshan Pavilion, we looked up to the sky, and through the dense forest, the red temple was hanging in the air.
Lingtong Temple cleverly used its favorable terrain to completely “hide” itself in a natural environment. Above the cave, it is covered with boulders, but below it is a steep cliff that is only supported by a few wooden sticks from a distance, which looks extremely dangerous!
Coordinates: Danjiangkou City, Shiyan City, Hubei Province
Nanyan, facing south, hence the name Nanyan, it was built On top of the cliff, it is the “Holy Land” where Taoism calls Zhenwu Dao ascension.
Nanyan Palace is connected to the blue sky above, down to the ravines, the peaks and ridges are steep, and the trees are green. There are stone halls built in Yuan Dynasty, Nantian Gate, Stele Pavilion, Liangyi Hall and other buildings built in Ming Dynasty, as well as relics such as Yuanjun Hall, Nanxun Hall and Yuanguang Hall.
History books praised Nanyan as “divided into palaces, morning bells and evening lights, and mountains and valleys shaking”.
12 buildings on cliffs, you How many places have you been to?
Or what other buildings on the cliffs do you know or have been to?