Old photos The beautiful scenery of Hangzhou West Lake in the early years of the Republic of China

Located in the West Lake in Hangzhou, it has beautiful scenery and is known as “Ten Scenes of West Lake”. William Armstrong (1867-1931), an Englishman, once worked in the Shanghai Police Bureau for a long time, visited the West Lake many times, and took these old photos of the Republic of China.

The West Lake Broken Bridge during the Republic of China was overgrown with weeds. One end of the broken bridge spans Beishan Road, and the other end connects to Baidi. It is said that the Broken Bridge was built as early as the Tang Dynasty, called Baoyou Bridge in Song Dynasty, and Duanjia Bridge in Yuan Dynasty. The name of the Broken Bridge comes from the Tang Dynasty. The origin of its name, it is said that the road to Gushan is broken here, hence the name; it is said that Duanjiaqiao is referred to as Duanqiao, which is homophonic for Broken Bridge. There is a stele pavilion in the northeast of the bridge, and a monument of “Broken Bridge Residual Snow” is erected inside.

The Leifeng Pagoda was still there, standing by the West Lake, but it was very dilapidated. Leifeng Pagoda, also known as Huangfei Pagoda and Xiguan Brick Pagoda, is located on the Xizhao Mountain on the south bank of the West Lake Scenic Area. It was built by King Qian Chu of Wuyue to worship the Buddha’s conch hair relic and pray for national peace and peace. It was built in the second year of Taiping and rejuvenation in the Northern Song Dynasty ( 977). In 1924, Leifeng Pagoda collapsed due to excessive excavation of tower bricks and vibration caused by piling construction in Wangzhuang near the tower site.

The Three Pools Yinyue, one of the ten scenic spots of West Lake in Hangzhou, is known as “the first scenic spot in West Lake”. There are three stone towers built in the lake, the belly of the tower is hollow, and five equidistant round holes are arranged on the sphere. The shadows of the real moon and the fake moon are indeed indistinguishable, and the night scene is very charming, so it is named “Three Pools Yinyue”.

Lingyin Temple was built in the first year of Xianhe (AD 326) in the Eastern Jin Dynasty and has been around for about 1,700 years. It is the earliest famous temple in Hangzhou.

Yuewang Temple, also known as Yue Tomb and Yue Fei Tomb, was built in the 14th year of Jiading in the Southern Song Dynasty (1221), Jingtai in Ming Dynasty During the years, it was renamed “Zhonglie Temple”, which is the main place to commemorate Yue Fei, a famous anti-gold general in the Southern Song Dynasty. When you enter the temple gate, you can see the big words “Serve the country with loyalty”.

The cemetery of Qiu Jin, a famous female democratic revolutionary in modern times. A wind and rain pavilion was built on the cemetery. The word wind and rain is taken from Qiu Jin’s writing before her death. The “autumn wind and autumn rain are sad”. After liberation, Qiu Jin’s tomb was moved to Lijilong Mountain. In the 1980s, for tourism development, Hangzhou moved Qiu Jin’s tomb back to the West Lake, but it changed.

The tomb of Yu Qian, a famous minister of the Ming Dynasty, destroyed at the end of 1966.

In a blink of an eye, a hundred years have passed, and the scenery of West Lake is still so beautiful.