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I believe everyone is familiar with menopause, but do you really understand menopause?
With the rapid development of social economy and the improvement of medical technology, the average life expectancy of Chinese residents has reached 77 years. Around the age of 40 to 50, our gonadal function begins to decline, and the secretion of sex hormones decreases accordingly, which means the arrival of menopause. What we often call “menopause” is not a point in time, but a stage, which is a normal stage in a person’s life, In this stage, sex hormones gradually subside until they disappear completely , marking the end of reproductive age. Menopause is a special physiological stage that transitions from the reproductive period to the old age. It lasts for 15 to 20 years. The late menopause of women can last until about 10 years after menopause, which means that 1/3 or more of our life will be affected. spend in menopause.
During this period, many parts of the body are slowly changing. Although menopause itself is not a disease, due to the gradual change of gonad function from “working state” to “stopping state”, the reduction of sex hormones It is bound to cause a lot of trouble to people’s physical and mental health, so we must understand it and adapt to it.
Menopause is gender-neutral< /span>
For women, after entering menopause, the decline of ovarian function will cause the body to produce a series of psychological Physiological changes, not only the decline and loss of fertility, but also the reduction of estrogen secretion can also lead to changes in the cardiovascular system, endocrine system, and urinary system to varying degrees, resulting in a series of chronic diseases, which we call them. Menopause syndrome.
So, does everyone think that menopause is just a “patent” for women? In fact, it is not. It should be said that Menopause is a physiological process that everyone will have, regardless of gender, and it is also a transitional stage in which the human body changes from prosperity to decline. Men experience menopause similar to women’s, and the underlying cause of this is a decline in gonadal function, which is a decrease or relative lack of androgen levels. However, male menopause is significantly different from that of females. Andropause typically begins around the age of 50-55, although may continue into the next 20 years or so. Moreover, there are obvious individual differences in male menopause, and a considerable number of men may not realize that they have reached menopause and enter old age unknowingly.
How can I tell if I have entered menopause?
Each of us should always pay attention to our physical condition and be aware of our own physiological changes. It must be understood, especially middle-aged people, that if they notice changes in their physical functions, such as decreased physiological function, easy fatigue, low mood or irritability, dizziness or unsocial behavior, etc. It should be thought that it may be entering the menopause. There are similarities and differences between menopause symptoms in men and women. Generally, menopause symptoms can be generally divided into three categories:
Psychiatric and nervous system symptoms, circulatory system and systemic symptoms, and sexual function and genital symptoms.
1． Psychiatric and nervous system symptoms
mainly manifested as nervousness, restlessness, irritability, sleep disturbance, numbness of hands and feet, memory loss, inattention, lack of self-confidence, etc.
2. Circulatory and systemic symptoms
such as flushing, palpitations, cold hands and feet, dizziness, fatigue, loss of appetite, bone and joint pain, abdominal obesity, decreased bone density, chronic Cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, etc.
3. Symptoms of sexual function and reproductive organs, etc.
Women are mainly manifested as vaginal mucosa atrophy, thinning, vaginal dryness, etc.; men are mainly manifested as sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction , decreased libido and apathy, which are the most important core symptoms of menopause.
In addition to the above-mentioned manifestations, Female menopause has its particularities. For women, the main manifestation of menopause is menstrual disorder, manifested as prolonged or shortened menstrual cycle, or irregular cycle, menstrual period, menstrual volume, or sudden menopause, women lose fertility after menopause. Another very common symptom is hot flashes, which is an inexplicable fever in the body. In addition, some people often sweat, accompanied by headache, dizziness, palpitations, chest tightness, nausea and other symptoms. Female friends can judge whether they have entered menopause through the menopausal women’s symptom scale (modified Kupperman scale). Unlike women, men are still fertile despite their reduced fertility after menopause.
What to do when menopause comes?
If we clearly have menopausal symptoms, but the symptoms are not particularly obvious, it will not affect our normal life. If you are too big, then you don’t have to go to the hospital or take medicine, you can adjust yourself through the following methods.
▲ Pay attention to diet. Try to control excess calorie intake while maintaining nutrition to maintain a normal body weight.
▲ Take mental health seriously. When you are in a low mood or have persistent negative emotions, you should take the initiative to seek medical treatment, be open-minded, optimistic, good at adapting to the environment, talk more and communicate more, so that your mental state can be positively relaxed, happy and healthy. direction of development.
▲ Appropriate exercise promotes health. Participating in some appropriate fitness activities on a regular basis will not only benefit your health, but also enrich your life.
▲ Regular medical check-ups. After menopause, women’s breast cancer, cervical cancer and other gynecological tumors are the high incidence age. We must be vigilant. It is best to carry out cancer prevention examinations every year to achieve early diagnosis and early treatment.
▲ Have family members to accompany and communicate with them more. Get understanding, understanding, and care from family members by making them aware and aware of the uniqueness of menopause.
If the symptoms of menopause are obvious and have affected your normal life or work, or the self-test result of the menopause symptom score is moderate or severe, you should go to the hospital in time See a doctor. Moreover, if a single symptom in the scale is very serious, you should seek medical treatment in time, and take medication under the guidance of a doctor to avoid aggravation of the disease.
“menopause” seems to have become a derogatory term today, and many people are accustomed to associate it with irritability and tantrums. Therefore, as soon as most people hear the word “menopause”, they will immediately resist. In fact, menopause is an inevitable natural process with age, and menopause is an important stage in our life.As long as we have enough mental preparation and have the With a clear awareness of self-care and regulation, you can go through menopause smoothly and continue to have a healthy and happy life.
Published by People’s Health Publishing House:
Living through the “Little Episode” – Menopause Medication Must Know”
Organized by: Chinese Medical Association Clinical Pharmacy Branch
Editor-in-chief of the volume: Wang Jingwen, Zhang Kanghuai, Zhang Xiaojian
< p>The author of this article: Shen Qian, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University
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