it’s too hot! How to prevent and treat heat stroke deaths in many places?

Hot! hot! hot! This summer has seen record temperatures across the country and even led to multiple tragedies.

On July 6, a man from Zhejiang Province collapsed suddenly while working in the workshop. His body temperature was 40.7°C when he was admitted to the hospital, and he was diagnosed with heat stroke. After 31 hours of rescue, he died in the early morning of the 8th.

On July 10, West China Hospital of Sichuan University admitted 3 patients with heat stroke in a row. One of them was seriously ill. Although he tried his best to rescue him, he died unfortunately.

To date, 11 cases of heat stroke have been reported nationwide. There are cases in Zhejiang, Henan, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Fujian and other places.

When it comes to heat stroke, everyone may be a little unfamiliar, but when it comes to heat stroke, everyone must be familiar with it. Heat stroke is actually a very serious heat stroke. Its typical symptoms are that the core temperature exceeds 40 ℃, the body’s own temperature regulation function will fail, and the central nervous system will also show abnormality and multiple organ system damage. If there is no timely and effective treatment, the mortality rate will reach 70% to 80%.

However, heat stroke does not occur suddenly. Before heat stroke develops into heat stroke, it will first experience “premonitory heat stroke”, “mild heat stroke”, and then “severe heat stroke”. Heat cramps,” “heat exhaustion,” and finally, heat stroke.

Among them, “heat cramps” and “heat exhaustion”, although not as serious as heat stroke, may cause heat stroke if left untreated. Therefore, once you have mild heat stroke symptoms or feel unwell, you should stop activities immediately, and you can take some cooling measures first to avoid heat stroke. If symptoms do not improve after treatment, seek medical attention immediately.

Who are at high risk for heat stroke?

There are these types of people in your life who are more likely to suffer from heat stroke or heat stroke. Be especially careful:

traffic police, epidemic prevention personnel, firefighters, construction workers, etc. who need to work or exercise in a high temperature environment for a long time, due to high-intensity physical labor or exercise, will cause the body heat production and heat dissipation imbalance and become ill;

The other category is the elderly with insufficient thermoregulation and often accompanied by underlying diseases; the other category is children, who are at high risk of heat stroke. Compared with adults, children will be more prone to heat stroke.

This is because the child’s thermoregulatory system is not fully developed, and the sweating system is not perfect, so that the sweat cannot be excreted normally, and the temperature can only be concentrated in the body. At the same time, children are not good at expressing themselves, and they are not like adults. They can relieve the heat by hydrating and ventilating them in time, which makes it difficult for parents to judge whether their children are unwell.

In addition, children’s exercise produces higher heat than adults, so the probability of heat stroke is higher than that of adults.

Facing people at high risk of heat stroke, in addition to close observation and attention, the most important thing is to do a good job in prevention.

How to prevent heat stroke?

About heat stroke prevention, mainly to do the following:

First: Drink plenty of water and stay hydrated

Add more water and don’t wait until you are thirsty to drink water. At this time, your body may already be dehydrated. If you sweat a lot, drink a sports drink or a salty liquid to replace the salts and minerals lost in your sweat. It is not recommended to drink alcoholic beverages and high-sugar beverages, which will cause the body to lose more water.

The ideal, of course, is to drink 1.5-2 liters of water every day according to the temperature, which is about 3-4 bottles of 550ml mineral water. In addition, you can eat more vegetables and fruits with high water content, such as cucumbers, tomatoes, etc., as a nutritious and hydrating choice.

Second: Avoid high temperatures

Stay as much as possible where the temperature is right. Minimize exercise in the heat and try to put your outdoor activities in cooler times in the morning and evening. At the same time, apply sunscreen with SPF15 and above, and wear a loose sun hat to avoid the ability of the body to cool down due to sunburn.

Of course, if outdoor labor is unavoidable, you should also pay attention to your physical condition, rest in time, and do not work at noon when the sun is fierce. At the same time, add water in time. If you sweat a lot, you can add salt and minerals or drink a sports drink.

Third: Be alert to heat stroke symptoms and deal with them in time

Heat stroke develops gradually, not overnight. Therefore, when there are mild heatstroke symptoms such as profuse sweating, feeling dizzy and weak, chest tightness, shortness of breath, vicious palpitation, etc., attention should be paid and timely treatment should be taken to prevent further deterioration of the situation.

Finally, I would like to remind everyone that the weather this year is quite unusual. Everyone must take care of themselves. Air conditioners, iced watermelons, and those that can cool down the heat are all arranged. Although it is a little expensive, Health is more important than anything else, don’t you think?