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Author | Gao Zehui, Department of Orthopedics, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese MedicineReviewer | span>
In daily life, when many people have neck, shoulder, waist and leg pain, the first method that pops up in their minds is “plaster”.
As a medicine that is often used in life, plaster has many fans because of its advantages of easy storage and convenient use. Therefore, many people don’t care about three, seven and twenty-one, as long as they hurt, they will give themselves a post. However, is the plaster that can be applied as soon as it hurts really so versatile? Today, the team of Professor Lin Dingkun, director of the Orthopedics Department of Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, came to talk to you about “plaster”!
What are the benefits of the plaster?
As a big family in the pharmaceutical industry, there are various types of plasters.
Divided by ingredients, commonly used plasters can be divided into Chinese herbal medicines, NSAIDs, hormones and analgesicsClass. No matter what type of plaster, it is composed of a backing layer, a transdermal agent and an active ingredient. The backing keeps the active ingredients in close contact with the affected area, the transdermal agent carries the active ingredients deep into the affected area, and the active ingredients achieve pain relief or other therapeutic purposes through different mechanisms of action. Through this transdermal route of administration, the benefits are mainly as follows:
No need for oral administration, fast onset
< span>The plaster attached to the affected area avoids the metabolic process that oral drugs need to go through, and reduces the stimulation of oral drugs to the gastrointestinal tract. Plaster not only works quickly, but also has a smaller burden on the human body.
Stable and long-lasting drug effect
The plaster is attached to the affected area, which can maintain the stable drug concentration in the affected area for a specified period of time and play a long-term role. It is easy and convenient for patients to use, and there is no need to worry about the effect of forgetting to take medicine. While there are many benefits of plaster, not everyone works. Many people have this question when using:
It only works, why do other people put plaster , I posted it but it didn’t work?
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Why does my plaster not work?
Plasters work differently depending on the pain. The plaster penetrates through the skin and penetrates into the affected area. For visceral colic such as kidney stones, general pain from severe osteoporosis, etc., plaster does not work well. Take common orthopaedic diseases as an example, let’s briefly talk about some situations suitable for plastering:
Situations suitable for plastering
< strong>1. Injury from falls; 2. Long-term desk work, causing cervical and lumbar strain; 3. Pain caused by cold and dampness in the affected area, such as neck pain caused by air conditioner in summer, cold in winter, knee pain attack, etc.;
This type of pain caused by acute and chronic injuries is often localized and superficial, so it is very suitable for plaster treatment.
In some cases, the plaster does not have a good pain relief effect.
Unsuitable for plastering
1.Pain, such as common lumbar disc herniation, pain caused by nerve compression, this pain can radiate to the entire limb, sometimes accompanied by numbness and abnormal sensation, plaster may not be able to play a good effect .
2. Long-term chronic systemic pain caused by osteoporosis and bone destruction, only local plaster can not achieve a good relief effect.
How should the plaster be used?
When a plaster is suitable for our situation, it is also important to use it.
We will tell you the most common types of plasters:
Where should the plasters be attached? How long to post? What to watch out for?
This type of plaster is a rubber lining, which has the advantage of high adhesion to the skin. Suitable for sticking to the elbow and knee joints where the skin is smooth and the range of motion is large, but because of the high viscosity, Not suitable for areas with dense body hair. Because some of these plasters contain ingredients such as southern star and aconitum, which are relatively irritating to the skin, please read the ingredients on the instructions before use. , itching, to stop the drug in time. The plaster should be used for 8 hours each time., If you feel uncomfortable, stop using it at any time. Also, be careful to avoid damaged areas of the skin.
The adhesiveness of the poultice is not as good as that of the adhesive plaster, and it is not easy to cause skin tearing.strong >Applies to flat backs and hairy areas. If you want to stick it on the knees, ankles and other parts that need to be moved, you can use tape to reinforce it. This type of plaster is generally used for about 8 hours.
The characteristic of this type of plaster is that in the process of using it, there will be a continuous feeling of heat at the action site, which can improve blood circulation and relieve muscle spasm. It is suitable for cold caused by dampness and cold. Wet pain.
In addition to the precautions for the use of the first and second types of plaster, this plaster also needs to be careful to avoid burns caused by prolonged use.
How long should the plaster last?
Is longer the better?
Usually each plaster is used for about 8 hours , no more than 12 hours, a plaster used for too long, not only can not increase the efficacy, but will also cause other problems due to long-term airtightness.
Patients with fragile skin prone to redness, swelling, itching, and rashes need to take measures such as shortening the medication time, taking the medicine once every other day, and removing the plaster for skin care.
No matter what type of plaster it is, you need to choose carefully according to your actual situation. Before using it, you must read the instructions carefully!
If the pain is not relieved after using the plaster by yourself, you still need to go to the hospital for systemic treatment in time.
Blind use of analgesic and hormone-based plaster has great side effects, and may lead to drug dependence, skin hyperplasia, infection, etc. , there will even be systemic changes like “full moon face” and “buffalo back”, so it is not recommended for patients to use it by themselves.
The plaster can relieve the pain temporarily
but Do not rely entirely on
Although the plaster is good, it should be used scientifically.
Applying plaster is not a “once and for all” thing. For some acute and occasional muscle strain pain, the use of plaster can really “relieve the disease” and relieve the pain temporarily.
But for some chronic pain, if the underlying cause is not eradicated, it may still recur.
The symptom is not the cause, and the effect is limited
For the pain caused by the imbalance of muscles and bones, simple Plaster can be used for “symptomatic” treatment, but it can only improve local inflammation and relieve pain.
Integration of treatment and maintenance can help you have no worries
For long-term, recurring neck, shoulder, waist and leg pain, Plaster is one measure, in addition, it is necessary toSpecialist treatment in the hospital, clearing the condition, and starting from both treatment and maintenance can achieve the best curative effect.
*Note: This article is a popular science article, and the pictures of the ointment in the text are only used for popular science display and do not involve product recommendations.
Disclaimer: The reprint of this article has been authorized, and the copyright belongs to the original author.
Part of the pictures are from the Internet. The articles are for reference and learning and sharing only. Everything depends on the patient’s own situation and the diagnosis and treatment of professional doctors.
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