In recent years, the detection rate of “thyroid nodules” has been increasing. Many people believe that thyroid nodules are diseases caused by gas. Search for “angry” on various social platforms, and the closely related word is “thyroid”.
“thyroid nodule” and what is the relationship between “angry”? Life Times(Search “LT0385” in WeChat to follow)Interview experts to tell you the answer and teach you scientific prevention.
Affiliated Cancer of Chongqing University Wu Jian, Deputy Director of the Head and Neck Cancer Center of the Hospital, Chief Physician Zhang Junbin, Professor of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Wu Xueyan
Is anger easy to get thyroid nodules?
Is a thyroid nodule a disease of gas? Actually just the opposite. It’s not that people who are angry are prone to nodules, but that there is a problem with the thyroid gland, and people may become angry.
The thyroid is an important endocrine organ in the human body, and the “thyroxine” secreted by it is closely related to sugar, It is related to the metabolism of protein, fat, etc., and it is also related to people’s mood fluctuations.
Under normal circumstances, the nervous system works calmly and regularly. A lack of thyroxine makes a person “dead”; if it is too much, it’s like “killed with blood”.
In the state of hyperthyroidism, the blood supply and oxygen supply to the brain are sufficient, and the sympathetic nerves are overexcited.
In the state of hypothyroidism, the metabolism of brain cells slows down, the sympathetic nerve cannot be excited, showing depression, less lazy words Speech, sluggish expression, depression, etc.
A disease of the thyroid makes people acute
A thyroid nodule is one or more solids or sacs that grow within the thyroid gland Sexual masses, usually on both sides of the trachea, are asymptomatic in most patients, and most nodules are found by doctors during clinical palpation. In clinical practice, some thyroid nodules are called “high-functioning thyroid adenomas” due to excessive secretion of thyroxine, which can lead to hyperthyroidism, commonly known as “hyperthyroidism”.
At this time, the patient will become very easy to get angry, and will be afraid of heat, eat more, and lose weight. It should be reminded that, as an endocrine gland, the thyroid gland is easily affected by hormone levels in the body. Although “anger” will not directly lead to thyroid disease, it will cause hormone fluctuations, which will inevitably involve the thyroid gland. .
If you find yourself or your family members suddenly become irritable recently, it is recommended to check your thyroid function and thyroid ultrasound in time.
Ultrasonography can identify whether there are nodules, and make a preliminary screening for the number, shape, size, and benignity of nodules; functional tests can evaluate whether the endocrine function is normal.
How do you get thyroid nodules?
Thyroid nodules are common and frequently-occurring diseases. About 40,000 patients are diagnosed with thyroid nodules every year. Some thyroid nodules are caused by thyroid lesions, such asHashimoto’s thyroiditis, thyroid Adenomas, etc., may also have sexual contact with radiation, iodineingestion, Obesity, metabolic syndrome and other factors are related, but most are benign.
The only known environmental risk factor for thyroid cancer is childhood exposure to ionizing radiation.
Mobile phones, televisions, computers, microwave ovens, refrigerators, etc. in daily life are not ionizing radiation. The most typical type of ionizing radiation is nuclear radiation. CT, X-rays, chest X-rays, etc. exposed to medical treatment are also ionizing radiation, but the amount is very low, so you don’t need to worry too much. Typically, malesThe rate is significantly lower than that of women. This is due to the influence of menstruation, pregnancy, breastfeeding and other periods. Women have a large demand for thyroxine and large fluctuations in hormone levels, which are more likely to “overwork” the thyroid gland and cause nodules, especially in middle-aged 40-60 years old. Women have shown a younger trend.
I have a thyroid nodule, what should I do?
Usually, the course of thyroid nodules is slow, the surgical treatment is effective, and the prognosis is good.
■ About 95%thyroid nodulesnodes are benign, so Nodules of grade 3 and below on the physical examination report will not cause physical discomfort and do not need to be treated. Generally, it is performed for about halfa year or so Check it again. ■ Nodules of grade 4a and above, risk of malignancy The patient should undergo puncturenecessary to identify benign and malignant tumors. Even if the puncture is negative, regular follow-up is required, preferably every 3months< span>. If there is no significant change in the nodule after 3 to 4 consecutive reexaminations, is generally benign. Several nodules do not mean a higher malignancy rate. In contrast, malignant thyroid nodules tend to be single, while benign nodules are often multiple. The number of nodules is not the point, but also depends on the nature of the nodules, such as symptoms, imaging reports, puncture examination, etc. There is no need to panic.
How to prevent thyroid nodules in life? It is recommended that everyone do the “three good“:
keep a good mood Joy, avoid emotional ups and downs, try taking a few deep breaths when angry.
Develop regular habits to avoid staying up late and overworking. Thyroid hormones fluctuate with the circadian rhythm, and irregular life will definitely affect the thyroid and increase the risk of diseases such as nodules. Regular physical examination, at least once a year, can detect lesions in time. Women should check their thyroid function before pregnancy, and wait until the thyroid hormone levels are adjusted to normal before becoming pregnant. Stay away from toxic and harmful substances, when taking X-rays, try to avoid the thyroid area. Pay attention to protection in special environments, such as wearing masks, radiation protection clothing, etc.
Miao Zhenchun, deputy chief physician of the Shanghai Thyroid Disease Research Center, said that iodine deficiency (endemic goiter) or excessive iodine intake (thyroid dysfunction) can affect the The pathogenic factors of thyroid nodules should be paid attention to, and the daily diet of patients should be based on the different conditions of the nodules. For example –
- Diffuse goiter with thyroid nodules, it is necessary to strictly avoid iodine diet, eat non-iodized salt, and fast kelp, seaweed, sea fish and other seafood;
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis with nodules requires a low-iodine diet, and eating a large amount of high-iodine food will increase the damage of thyroid follicular cells;
- If the nodules are able to secrete thyroid hormones High-functioning adenomas of the thyroid gland should also be strictly avoided, because iodine is one of the raw materials for the synthesis of thyroid hormone, and excessive intake will aggravate the symptoms of hyperthyroidism;
- If it is a non-functioning nodule, it means that Thyroid function is not affected, and the test for thyroid antibodies is negative, and there is no need to deliberately avoid iodine in the diet. ▲
Editor of this issue: Zheng Ronghua, etc., in the lower right cornerclick< /span>WatchingGo ahead