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Eating can cause cancer or cure cancer.
Even if you have cancer, but after active treatment,
friends can follow the following targeted diet to recuperate,
You can also pick up a “nutritional weapon” against cancer!
How to eat after surgery?
1. Before surgery:
Before surgery, liver cancer patients should be supplemented with various nutrients as far as possible, such as high-quality protein, sugar Classes, fats, inorganic salts and multivitamins. Strengthening nutritional supplements at this stage can improve physical fitness, enhance immunity, and prevent or delay the appearance of cachexia.
If nutritional intervention is performed earlier before clinical treatment, the body can absorb nutrients more comprehensively, and patients in better condition have better tolerance to surgery and better recovery ability.
①Eat more protein, calories, vitamins and trace elements foods, such as lean meat, eggs, beans, milk and various essential amino acids;
②About 500g of fresh vegetables and 250g of fruits every day;
③ You can eat some mushrooms, kelp, seaweed, ginseng, wolfberry, yam, Ganoderma lucidum, Cordyceps sinensis, etc. The selenium they contain has anti-cancer effects; Oral supplementation of balanced enteral nutrition preparations.
2. After surgery:
The general principle of diet after liver cancer surgery should be light and soft, and the food should be easy to digest absorb. When it comes to food choices and supplements, don’t be in a hurry. After surgery, start with liquid diet, and then transition to semi-liquid diet and general diet when there is no obvious discomfort.
①A small amount of plain water 6 hours after surgery Juice, light gruel, etc., liquid or semi-liquid food, such as fish soup, pork rib soup, vegetable porridge, fruit, yogurt, noodles, etc., on the 1st to 2nd day after surgery to common food.
②In one week after the operation, in addition to eating full liquid and semi-liquid diets, patients can also take appropriate oral supplements of enteral nutrition preparations to ensure adequate intake of nutrients by the body.
③Do not eat spicy food, smoked, roasted, marinated, fried or salty food.
④ Eat some nourishing foods, such as lotus seeds, yam, lily, white fungus, etc.
⑤After surgery, you can choose millet, purple rice, sweet potato, potato, tomato, celery, pumpkin, onion, yam Sea cucumber, carp, cod, kelp, eggs, milk, soy milk, tofu and other foods. Patients often have symptoms such as changes in taste or loss and anorexia. Family members should adjust their dietary structure in terms of dietary equipment. As long as they are not allergic to foods, they should not excessively avoid foods. What should I eat during targeted therapy?
Drug use: span>
1. Follow the doctor’s advice and read the drug instructions and contraindications
before taking targeted drugs Listen carefully to the doctor’s instructions, and then read the drug insert carefully to see when it is recommended to take the drug, and whether there are contraindicated foods and drugs.
2. The side effects may cause gastrointestinal discomfort. If you eat spicy food such as chili, ginger, onion, raw garlic, pepper, etc., it will increase the burden on the gastrointestinal tract and cause more serious gastrointestinal discomfort. in addition,To avoid exposure to oil fumes, spices and other odors that are easy to induce nausea and vomiting, and protect the gastrointestinal tract.
3. Fried, smoked, grilled, pickled foods: these foods lack nutrients and are difficult to digest, and contain benzopyrene, Nitrates and other carcinogens may cause harm to the body when eaten by normal people, and cancer patients should not eat them.
4. Try not to eat sashimi and shellfish: these foods may contain parasites, and cancer patients have problems with their own immune function. The function is inhibited and it is easy to be infected by parasites. Be sure to stay away from these foods that may carry parasites.
Tobacco and alcohol are both carcinogens. Smoking and drinking in cancer patients are likely to aggravate the disease and affect the efficacy of targeted drugs.
⑥Control the intake of carbohydrates: Cancer patients should still control the intake of carbohydrates in their diet to maintain an appropriate and stable body weight to prevent aggravating the burden on the heart and lungs.
⑦Control the intake of milk: Although milk is an indispensable source of nutrition, no matter what food is eaten too much, it is easy to backfire. If the daily consumption exceeds 500ml There is an increased risk of cancer recurrence, so milk can be drunk, but to control the intake of milk, 200-300ml is recommended.
How to eat during chemotherapy
During chemotherapy, normal cells will be damaged due to certain damage to tumor cells. , produce corresponding side effects, such as decreased immune function, leukopenia, gastrointestinal mucosal ulcers, hair loss and so on.
Supplement high-protein foods, such as milk, lean meat, fish, animal liver, red dates, red beans, etc. River crab, eel, black fish, beef, etc. also help to increase white blood cells. In case of loss of appetite and indigestion, spleen-invigorating appetizers can be added, such as hawthorn, white lentils, radishes, mushrooms, and dried tangerine peel.
4 nutritional suggestions for cancer patients
1. Diversification of food /p>
To ensure a balanced and comprehensive nutrition intake, daily food diversification is necessary. Friends can match according to the proportion of the five categories of food displayed in the Chinese Residents’ Balanced Diet Pagoda.
2. Small meals and light meals
For patients after radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery, due to the weakened digestive function, increasing the number of meals can reduce the burden on the digestive tract and increase food intake.
3. It is not advisable to avoid too much food
The taboos should be determined according to the condition, nature of the disease and the individual characteristics of different patients. Excessive taboos are not recommended. Generally, the foods that patients need to limit or contraindicate are fried, smoked barbecue, spicy stimulation, greasy and hard food, etc.
4. The following foods
eat more vegetables and fruits (such as asparagus, carrots, spinach, tomatoes, potatoes, kiwi, etc.), soybeans and their products, edible fungi, nuts , seaweed, milk, eggs and other foods.
Mr. Wu Conclusion
no need to take a comprehensive diet Excessive taboo. Especially in patients with advanced liver cancerPatients, nutritional support is very important. We must adhere to a scientific diet and avoid detours on the road to treatment and recovery. Let’s spend this summer together safely!
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Hebei Red Cross Foundation Hospital
Hebei Province Red Cross Foundation Shijiazhuang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Institutions, City Key Liver Disease Hospital , the designated medical institution for municipal medical insurance and direct settlement of inter-provincial and off-site hospitalizations, is a caring unit dedicated to providing health consultation and diagnosis and treatment services for patients with various types of hepatobiliary diseases.
Our hospital advocates mutual learning and complementation between traditional Chinese and Western medicine, and proposes “disease differentiation, syndrome differentiation, ” three differentiation and diagnosis and treatment principles, and on the basis of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine, the characteristic “Traditional Chinese medicine three differentiation and treatment of liver method “, has made remarkable achievements in the clinical treatment of various liver diseases for a long time.
The hospital has a highly educated, senior and clinically experienced professional It is a modern medical institution integrating scientific research, clinical, prevention, and rehabilitation with the advantages of multi-specialty diagnosis and treatment. . Since the establishment of the hospital, the hospital has been cared for and guided by leaders at all levels at the national, provincial and municipal levels. /span>; Hebei Red Cross Foundation “2013 Advanced Unit for Relief of Poor and Severe Liver Disease Patients”; Director Unit of China Charity Public Welfare Network. Love Alliance; Shijiazhuang Federation of Trade Unions “Worker Pioneer” unit ;Hebei Provincial Science and Technology Commission “Hebei High-tech Enterprise“; National Bio-Industry Base Gene Chip Public Test Center; Shijiazhuang Medical College Teaching Hospital; Shijiazhuang Municipal Key Liver Disease Specialist; Shijiazhuang City Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Combined with the Society of Hepatology Professional Committee and so on.
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