How should breast cancer patients eat?

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of Diagnostics

Surgery is an important means of breast cancer treatment. After radical surgery, adjuvant chemotherapy is generally required to consolidate the curative effect. However, chemotherapy is a very consuming treatment for patients. During chemotherapy, patients may experience gastrointestinal adverse reactions such as nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea and constipation, and oral ulcers, especially oral pain caused by oral ulcers, which makes it difficult for patients to eat bitter. Unfortunately, although adjuvant drugs are used to alleviate the adverse reactions of chemotherapy during hospitalization, the side effects of chemotherapy generally start to appear a few days after the drug is administered and gradually accumulate with the increase of the number of chemotherapy treatments. Therefore, it is particularly important for patients to understand the precautions for diet during chemotherapy.


Eat more light, easy-to-digest foods

Such as fish, eggs, soy products, etc., do not eat spicy, irritating and greasy foods. Too much oil or too much taste may aggravate gastrointestinal adverse reactions and oral ulcers.


Eat small, frequent meals

It can effectively relieve the symptoms of nausea and vomiting. If the symptoms of nausea and vomiting are severe, antiemetic drugs or probiotics can be used.


Supplement high protein diet

Because breast cancer is also a consumptive disease, the consumption is larger than that of normal people, and the nutrition of the diet can keep up. Supplementing high-protein diets such as various meats can improve the immunity of patients. Adjuvant antitumor therapy.


Change recipes, change cooking methods

A new food can promote appetite. For example, patients who often eat pork can switch to fish, shrimp, crab, chicken, etc. Change the cooking method to make the food have different color and aroma, and also can increase the appetite. But no matter what kind of food, the food must be cooked to the degree that it is relatively cooked so that it can be digested and absorbed smoothly.


Eat plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits high in vitamins

These foods not only increase immunity, but also increase appetite. Some patients should not eat raw and cold food, but fruits and vegetables should be treated according to the situation. Vegetable juice and a small amount of easily digestible fruit can be eaten in the early postoperative period. After the gastrointestinal function is basically restored, you can eat some light and refreshing raw cold vegetables and fruits, which have obvious appetizing effects.


Focus on developing healthy eating habits

During chemotherapy, under the dual effects of drugs and psychology, patients will experience vomiting and other symptoms. Patients need to scientifically understand the side effects of the digestive tract during chemotherapy, build confidence, do not stop chemotherapy, and actively eat more than , Although there is a response, try to strengthen the nutritional intake during the blank period of chemotherapy. Although there is vomiting, diarrhea, etc., it is still necessary to increase the nutrition to ensure the body’s chemotherapy tolerance, so as to ensure nutrition and ensure the smooth completion of treatment.

In addition to postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, some breast cancer patients also receive preoperative chemotherapy, called neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Although no surgery has been performed at this time, dietary precautions and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. Breast cancer chemotherapy takes a long time, individual differences are large, and there are many adverse reactions. In addition to taking related drugs as prescribed by a doctor, self-prevention and self-control are also very important. Good rest, good exercise, and good mood will have a positive impact on the whole process of breast cancer patients. , I believe that as long as the above points are achieved, most patients can successfully complete the planned course of treatment.

Author: Chu Juhang Qian Mingping