“Hot death” is not a joke, we must learn to deal with heat stroke scientifically

It is now dog days, and there are persistent high temperatures in many places.

People often say “it’s hot to death”, and sometimes it’s not a joke. All over the country this year, many people have been diagnosed with “heat stroke”, and some patients fell into a coma and even died.

“Heat Stroke” has been on the hot search for many times, and it has also attracted the attention of netizens.

Today, I will give you a good popularization of what is heat stroke? How to prevent in hot weather?

One. What is heat stroke?

In layman’s terms, heat stroke is a type of heat stroke.

We have introduced to you before that, according to clinical manifestations, heatstroke can be divided into threatened heatstroke, mild heatstroke, and severe heatstroke.

Severe heatstroke is divided into heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke.

Heat stroke is a severe heat stroke that can cause systemic problems in the central nervous system, muscle tissue, coagulation function, liver and kidney function, respiratory function, cardiovascular function, etc. Organ failure and therefore a high case-fatality rate.

Typical symptoms are:

The core temperature rises >40°C, and the central nervous system is abnormal, such as mental state changes, convulsions or coma, and is accompanied by multiple organ damage, which is life-threatening in severe cases.

Second, how to prevent heat stroke?

Heat stroke generally falls into two categories:

1. Exertion-induced heat stroke

The disease is mainly caused by the imbalance between heat production and heat dissipation caused by high-intensity physical activity, which is common in healthy young people who exercise vigorously in summer;

2. Classic heat stroke

Common in the young, pregnant women and the elderly, or individuals with chronic underlying diseases or impaired immune function, usually passive exposure to the heat environment causes the body to produce and dissipate heat Disease due to imbalance.

Preventing exertional heat stroke

Pay attention to protection when it is necessary to exercise outdoors. It is best to have a gradual adaptation process, and avoid moving directly from a cool area (such as an air-conditioned room) to a high-temperature outdoor area. At the same time, pay attention to adding water and salt, or sports drinks containing electrolytes.

and for classic heat stroke prevention

It is necessary to control the ambient temperature, increase or decrease clothing in a timely manner, drink more water, and do sun protection; be careful not to leave children alone in small spaces such as cars.

3. How should first aid be dealt with at the scene?

Heat stroke can be life-threatening, and others around you should help call emergency services while trying to cool the patient.

1. Move the patient to a cool place.

2. Regardless of the method used, cool the patient quickly. Such as soaking the patient in the cold water of the bathtub; placing the patient under a cold shower; spraying the patient with cold water for watering flowers; wiping the patient’s body with cold water; cold wet towel or ice pack on the head, armpit and thigh root; When the weather is dry, wrap the patient in a sheet or clothing soaked in cool water and blow with a fan.

3. People with heat stroke may experience involuntary twitching of their muscles. When this happens, avoid the patient from hurting himself. Do not put anything in the patient’s mouth and do not attempt to give the patient water. If the patient vomits, turn the patient on their side to ensure that the airway is clear and avoid aspiration.

4. What conditions require immediate medical attention?

Seek immediate medical attention if:

1. If the body temperature continues to rise, even exceeding 40°C, seek medical attention in time.

2. Headache: If persistent headache occurs in a high temperature environment or after heavy physical labor, you should go to the hospital for medical treatment in time.

3. Muscle spasm: In the high temperature environment or after heavy physical labor, the muscles of the whole body, especially the muscles of the limbs, will twitch unconsciously, and you should seek medical attention in time.

4. Shallow and fast breathing: the breathing rate is accelerated, more than 20 times/min, the inhalation and exhalation volume is small, and you should seek medical attention in time.

5. Nausea: If you feel like you want to vomit but you can’t vomit, you should seek medical attention in time.

Mama Kangaroo has something to say:

The 16th has officially entered the volt, and this year’s three volts is the 40-day “super long standby version”! If you go out, you must do a good job of sun protection and sun protection, and replenish water in time~