High blood pressure, what should I do?

Many young and middle-aged people measure their blood pressure and find that the high pressure is normal but the low pressure is high. Why is this? Mainly because of your unhealthy living habits!

First of all, I will tell you how high pressure and low pressure are formed.

Our hearts are constantly contracting and relaxing. The heart is filled with blood when it relaxes, and when it contracts, it releases blood into the arteries and flows throughout the body, delivering oxygen and other nutrients to various tissues and organs. When the heart contracts, it instantly releases a large amount of blood to the aorta, forming a higher pressure, which is called systolic blood pressure (commonly known as high pressure). As the blood moves forward, it also dilates the arteries, which store a lot of energy. When the heart is diastolic, it no longer discharges blood into the blood vessels, but because the blood vessels expand and store a lot of energy during the systolic period, the blood vessels will retract due to elasticity during the diastolic period and continue to push the blood to flow forward, so the blood vessels still maintain a certain pressure. . This pressure is the diastolic pressure (low pressure).

The mechanism of increased low pressure mainly includes the following situations: First, the arterial elasticity is very good (this is a good phenomenon). The better the vascular elasticity, the more energy stored in the blood vessels during systole, and the higher the pressure in the blood vessels during diastole; the second is the increase in peripheral vascular resistance (common in obesity, alcoholism, lack of exercise, mental stress, lack of sleep) , mental stress). The increase in peripheral vascular resistance causes less blood to be transmitted to the whole body during systole, and there is still more blood in the blood vessels during diastole, so the diastolic blood pressure will increase; third, the heart rate is fast (young people are stressed in the workplace, mentally stressed, drinking alcohol Too much, drinking too much tea and coffee, not getting enough sleep, and not exercising too much, all of which will lead to a faster heart rate). The faster the heart rate, the shorter the time between each heartbeat, the more blood is trapped in the arteries when the heart is diastolic, and the higher the low pressure. Therefore, people with a fast heart rate are more likely to have increased diastolic blood pressure, while people with a slow heart rate are more likely to have increased systolic blood pressure.

Know the reason for the increase in low pressure, and also know how to deal with the problem of increased low pressure—change unhealthy living habits. Eating less, moving more, and losing weight are the most effective measures to reduce diastolic blood pressure. At the same time, do not drink strong tea or coffee, do not drink too much, do not stay up late, ensure adequate sleep, live a regular life, and maintain a relaxed and happy mood. If this can be done, many people’s blood pressure can return to normal levels. If you can’t do this, you must treat it with antihypertensive drugs in time, and you can’t let high blood pressure damage the heart, brain, and kidney.

If you find it useful, go to your friends and family group.

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(Guo Yifang, Hebei Provincial People’s Hospital)

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