Heatstroke only when it’s hot? Experts explain seven common misunderstandings of heatstroke

Recently, multiple departments have jointly issued a notice, requiring the protection of the legitimate rights and interests of workers in hot weather, and minimizing the harm to the health of workers caused by hot weather operations. In this issue of “1 Minute Health Lesson”, Yan Yu, chief physician of the emergency department of Chongqing People’s Hospital, said that it is easy to suffer from heat stroke in a high temperature and high humidity environment. Light people may experience dizziness, weakness, vomiting and other symptoms, and severe cases may even occur. Convulsion, syncope, exhaustion, shock, etc., if not detected or treated in time, may lead to serious adverse consequences.

Yan Yu suggested that in daily life, once heatstroke occurs, you should quickly get out of the environment of high temperature, high humidity and sunlight, and go to a cool, ventilated place to lie still , Avoid high-intensity exercise and heavy physical labor, place the patient in an air-conditioned environment if possible, and try to remove clothing to help dissipate heat. Those who are conscious and have no difficulty in swallowing should promptly add salt-containing cool drinks, such as light salt water, cold watermelon water, mung bean soup, etc. Mild cases can be recovered after the above treatment, and severe cases need to go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment.

Yan Yu also said that many people think that heatstroke occurs only when outdoors, or when it is hot, but there are actually some misunderstandings in these perceptions. He explained seven common misunderstandings of heatstroke to netizens:

Misunderstanding 1: Heatstroke occurs outdoors during the day


Heatstroke is caused by the imbalance of the body’s thermoregulation function. If the indoor ventilation is not smooth at night and the temperature is too high, it will also lead to heatstroke.

Misunderstanding 2: Heatstroke will cause heatstroke in hot weather

Confinement is afraid of wind, or Covering your sweat with a quilt for a cold and fever will affect the body’s heat dissipation, resulting in a sharp increase in body heat in a short period of time, and induce heatstroke.

Myth 3: Heatstroke, fainting, pinching people

pinching people has no first aid effect , It is also easy to cause the airway of the unconscious casualty to be more obstructed, which is a potential risk.

Misunderstanding 4: Huoxiangzhengqi Water for Heat Stroke

Adaptation of Huoxiangzhengqi Water Symptoms do not include heatstroke, and the alcohol content in Huoxiangzhengqi water may aggravate dehydration and increase susceptibility to heatstroke injury.

Misunderstanding 5: Oral antipyretics to cool down

You will sweat a lot during heatstroke. If there is an imbalance of body temperature regulation and electrolyte imbalance, antipyretics will further cause sweating, aggravate the loss of water and electrolytes, and aggravate the disease.

Misunderstanding 6: Drinking a lot of water at one time to relieve the heat

Just drinking a lot of water will cause Dilutional hyponatremia occurs in the body, and severe cases can lead to cerebral edema and coma. To drink a small amount of water frequently, it is recommended to take rehydration salts, or light salt water, sports drinks, etc.

Myth 7: Alcohol wiping to cool down

Alcohol can be absorbed through the skin, and alcohol wiping to cool down greater risk of injury to the patient.

(Source: People’s Daily Online)