This article is reproduced from: People’s Daily Overseas Edition
The morning light is slightly dewy, and the fog is light. Sitting in the car going to the mine, passing through villages and ridges, and detouring bends and cols, what unfolds in front of you are rolling mountains, rolling flower seas, babbling streams and cruising among the mountains. Clouds above. The brand new grass sand oil road twists and turns, like green streamers dancing in the air, extending up from the foot of the mountain. The newly planted osmanthus, tea and tung trees by the roadside are shining with crystal light. Driving into the mine, there are more factories and mines, lanes and wells in the scenery outside the window. At this moment, the mine slowly woke up, showing a beautiful outline.
The “tin mine” at the foot of the mine produces antimony. “Baoqing Prefecture Chronicle – Shanchuan Chronicle” records: “To the west of Jingyan Mountain, there is a tin mine, which produces tin.” It can be seen that the antimony produced by the mine was misunderstood as tin at that time, and its name was justified by a tin mine. A Xinhua person named Zou Yuanfan. In 1896, Hunan Governor Chen Baozhen appointed Zou Yuanfan to promote the Hunan Mining Bureau. He led Yan Yonglu, the “Teacher of Mountains”, and Liu Luzhai, the “Mr. Feng Shui”, to the mine for prospecting. They discovered the ore sand left over from the refining process at the end of the Ming Dynasty, and transported the samples to Changsha for testing. , that the ore is called Andermoni, which is antimony. From 1897 when Zou Yuanfan excavated the first basket of antimony sand in the mine, to 1898 when Yan Yonglu, Liu Luzhai and others set up the first antimony factory, just 11 years later, the mine’s antimony production has accounted for half of the world’s total. Although the output is antimony, the name “tin mine” has been passed down for a long time and is still in use today.
The century-old tin mine is still a red hot spot. In June 1925, the Executive Committee of the Hunan District of the Communist Party of China sent Communist Party members Zou Jianwu and Tan Guofu to the tin mine to carry out a labor movement and established the first industrial and mining enterprise party organization in Hunan Province—— Special Party Branch of the Communist Party of China Tin Mine.
Mining involves breaking the crust, or shafts, inclined shafts, or open air, with great destructive power. Countless ores have been dug out from the ground. After more than a hundred years of mining, how big a hole is in the ground. what. Mine caves are abandoned, waste residues are piled up, mountain vegetation is destroyed, rivers dry up, springs dry up, and the ground cracks.
The restoration project of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes and grasses allows the tin mines to reproduce the beautiful appearance of green waters and green mountains. A tall stele stands in front of us: “Landscapes, forests, fields, lakes and grass are a community of life.” The garden workers are cultivating soil and planting trees. Although the green wind is blowing, the grass is fragrant, and the shadows of the trees are swaying, they can still vaguely see the clues of the cracks. Some fissures are wide enough to fit a foot in and long to meander as far as you can see. But there are tree roots and grass roots passing through all the gaps. The roots of these plants are “flying needles” underground, and the soil that has been “separated” is stretched. On the barren hills that used to be piled with rocks, flowers and grasses bloom proudly, competing to spit green, and the mountain streams and streams like capillaries flow on the land of the mine.
Walking into the mine, there seems to be a clear spring surging in my heart. The morning sun rises in the east, thousands of rays of sunshine illuminate the earth, the chirping birdsong comes from the mountain stream or near or far, and the sound like the sound of nature overflows the whole mine. The breeze blew, bringing with it the faint scent of flowers and frogs. In the water conservation forest bases such as Longhu Mountain, Chuanfengao, Tianzaitai, Baodaxing, etc., turf is cultivated, and iron tree, chrysanthemum, rose, red-leaf heather, tea tree, crape myrtle, cypress, spring azalea, Qilixiang, boxwood ball, etc. are planted Plants have become an ecological garden with red flowers and green grass. The greenway of Panshan is beautiful, and outdoor enthusiasts walk, ride, and run here, just like in poetry and painting. On the light box of the solar street lamp, according to the classification of “landscape, field, forest, lake and grass”, relevant poems are painted, bringing people into a humanistic journey: “what is there in the mountains, there are many white clouds on the mountains”, “the water is full, the plains are full, the moon is full, and the boat is light.” Support into the lotus flower lace”, “Tianshe Qingjiang song, next to Chaimen ancient road”, “Huguang Qiuyue two phase harmony” and so on. It is refreshing to read, as if returning to the Tang and Song Dynasties, accompany Wang Wei and Su Shi in the mountains and forests.
Walking in the mine, touching the mottled old marks on the ancient rocks, the rich geological fossil resources are shocking. The lamprophyre veins of the mine have paleontological fossils such as corals, ammonites, conodonts, bamboo stones, brachiopods, etc. This is the first batch of geological and cultural villages announced by the Geological Society of China, and the mine is more exciting.
Walking to the mine, the ancient mine has transformed into a “Peach Blossom Spring” in the hearts of citizens and tourists. The quiet and heavy landscape here makes people immersed in it, feeling the feeling of “going up the mountain to see the wild water, and suddenly seeing the water at the bottom.” The leisure and tranquility of Castle Peak.
As I descended from the mountain, I came across a Camellia oleifera forest. From the foot of the mountain to the slope, it was full of green. The tree is full of fruit and is accumulating energy for its final ripening. I know that this thick green contains the secret of this green mine.