Hypothyroidism, the full name of hypothyroidism. It is a very common disease. Women are more likely to suffer from this disease than men. The clinical manifestations are sallow skin, dryness and less sweating, eyelid and facial edema, slow heart rate, and dull heart sounds. Severe cases may also have symptoms of coma and systemic myxedema.
During hypothyroidism, the beta carotene in the body cannot be metabolized, and it accumulates in the body, causing the skin to become dull and yellow. It created the “yellow-faced woman”.
Health is the foundation of beauty, beauty comes with health, and maintaining thyroid levels within the normal range is critical to maintaining health .
Causes of hypothyroidism
1, primary hypothyroidism
Primary hypothyroidism is caused by the disease of the thyroid itself, accounting for more than 95% of all hypothyroidism. There are three main reasons:
a, due to improper treatment of hyperthyroidism, such as surgical removal of too many glands , excessive dosage of iodine 131, excessive dosage of antithyroid drugs, etc.;
b, free immune thyroid Caused by injury, such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, postpartum thyroiditis, etc.;
c, caused by genetics Defective thyroid hormone synthesis, hypoplasia or abnormality of thyroid tissue, etc., congenital hypothyroidism, etc. may cause hypothyroidism, such as cretinism, also known as cretinism.
2. Secondary hypothyroidism< /strong>
It is hypothyroidism caused by lesions of the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. Pituitary macroadenoma, craniopharyngioma and other sellar tumors before and after surgery.
How to prevent hypothyroidism
Adjusting your diet
< p data-track="27">Limit high-fat food intake:Reduce or avoid animal offal, egg yolks, cream , fried foods, fatty meat and other foods, which can reduce the concentration of plasma cholesterol.
Limit goiter-causing foods: span>When patients with hypothyroidism eat cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, radish, and cabbage, they must be cooked. Cruciferous vegetables contain thiocyanate, which inhibits thyroid foci, interferes with thyroid hormone synthesis, and ultimately leads to an enlarged goiter.
Drink a high-fiber diet:Because patients with hypothyroidism often suffer from slow gastrointestinal motility, often with abdominal distension and constipation, it is best to eat foods rich in dietary fiber, which can promote gastrointestinal motility and help prevent constipation.
Iodine supplementation depends on the specific cause:Some patients with hypothyroidism are caused by excessive intake of iodine, so whether patients with hypothyroidism need iodine or not depends on different conditions. For hypothyroidism caused by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, iodine supplementation or even iodine control is not recommended to avoid the rise of thyroid autoantibodies.
Final reminder< /strong>
The thyroid is a small but vital part of our day-to-day life and our long-term health. Let’s focus on the thyroid, don’t let hypothyroidism “steal” your life, don’t let hypothyroidism subtly make you a “yellow-faced woman”. This is not only a commitment to our own health, but also a commitment to our next generation, to all our relatives and friends around us!