Favorites! Enjoy the first batch of five national parks in my country

Recently, the “Our National Park” special exhibition jointly organized by the China Geological Museum, the Publicity Center of the State Forestry and Grassland Administration, the National Park (Nature Reserve) Development Center and other units was held in the temporary exhibition hall on the third floor of the China Geological Museum.

We learned from the scene that this exhibition focuses on the first batch of five national parks in my country (Sanjiangyuan National Park, Giant Panda National Park, Siberian Tiger and Leopard National Park, Hainan Tropical Rainforest National Park, Wuyishan National Park ) The ecological features of “harmonious coexistence between man and nature” publicize the major achievements in the construction of the natural reserve system with national parks as the main body.

The exhibition not only has rich graphic content and video images, but also exhibits many precious animal and plant specimens, including Siberian tiger, giant panda, Tibetan antelope, wild yak, green-tailed rainbow pheasant, red bean There are national key protected wild animals and plants such as fir, dove tree, and Bole tree, as well as the representative costumes of the aristocratic ethnic groups in the national park.

Expert lectures and live broadcasts related to national parks will also be organized during the exhibition. The exhibition period will start from 2022 July 31st to December 31st.

Science time: what is a “national park”?

A national park refers to a specific land area approved and managed by the state, with the main purpose of protecting the nationally representative natural ecosystem, and realizing the scientific protection and rational utilization of natural resources or sea. It is the most important part of my country’s natural ecosystem, the most unique natural landscape, the most essential natural heritage, and the most abundant biodiversity.

Translation, everyone is familiar with nature reserves, scenic spots, geoparks, etc., which are all part of the system of various natural reserves in my country. As a result, 90% of terrestrial ecosystem types and 71% of key protected wildlife species are effectively protected. Then our “national park” is the dominant position in the natural reserve system, the dominant position in the protection of the most precious and most important biodiversity concentrated areas, and the most important type of all kinds of protected areas.

Since the concept of national park first appeared in 1832, it has been continuously developed and perfected, and has gradually become the mainstream protected area model in the world. At present, more than 200 countries and regions in the world have established national parks and other nature reserves with their own characteristics. Among them, more than 2,700 national parks, covering an area of ​​more than 4 million square kilometers, have gradually become a paradigm for large-scale ecological protection. Covers the essence of protecting most ecosystem types and natural heritage around the world.

In my country, in addition to the first five national parks, more national parks are being planned and created. my country will adhere to the protection of the authenticity and integrity of the natural ecosystem, adhere to the concept of ecological protection first, national representativeness, and public welfare with Chinese characteristics, and gradually improve the national park system according to the spatial layout, and jointly build people and nature. community of life.

What are the highlights of each of the five major national parks?

my country’s first national parks have a protected area of ​​230,000 square kilometers, ranging from the roof of the world in the west to the mountains and hills in the east, from the white mountains and black waters in the north to the island rainforest in the south, and then to the mountains and hills in the east. In the scattered canyons and winding peaks and ridges in the hinterland of China, the beautiful Chinese picture is slowly unfolding.

Sanjiangyuan National Park: Seeing the origin of the mountains and rivers

The first five countries Sanjiangyuan National Park, the largest in the park, is located above the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with an average altitude of 4,500 meters. There are the most representative glacial snow-capped mountains, alpine grasslands, plateau wetlands and desert ecosystems in the third pole of the world. Tibetan antelope, snow leopard, wild yak, Tibetan wild donkey and other plateau star animals thrive and roam here.

This is the “China Water Tower”, and the scenery at the source of the river has its own characteristics. The source area of ​​the Yangtze River is famous for its magnificent mountains and glaciers; the source of the Yellow River is dotted with lakes and swamps, and the Eling Lake and Zhaling Lake are like two A pearl inlaid in the plateau grassland; the scenery on both sides of the canyon at the source of the Lancang River is infinite.

Giant Panda National Park: seeSplendid Heshan National Treasure Home

The Giant Panda National Park covers a total area of ​​22,000 square kilometers, spanning Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu provinces, involving 9 cities (prefectures) and 23 counties (cities, districts) ). By integrating the originally scattered protected areas into one, the national park allows the giant pandas and other creatures living here to obtain habitat protection, and can achieve a wider range of gene exchanges.

This is Mountain Home. The Giant Panda National Park is located at an important geographical boundary in my country. It is one of the regions with the most complex topography, the most obvious vertical climate distribution, and the richest biodiversity in the world. The mountains form a biological mystery, the mountains are lush and the forests are quiet. Today, more than 1,000 wild giant pandas live in the park, accounting for 72% of the total number of wild giant pandas in the country.

Here, giant pandas have no shortage of partners, and a variety of wild animals and plants with global protection value coexist harmoniously here. Among them, Sichuan golden monkey, snow leopard, green-tailed rainbow pheasant, black-necked crane, crested ibis and other wild animals under national protection. Taxus, southern yew, unifolia, dove tree and other national key protected wild plants.

Siberian Tigers and Leopards National Park: Watching Tigers and Leopards in White Mountains and Black Waters

The Siberian Tiger and Leopard National Park is located in the southern Laoyeling area at the junction of Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces, involving 2 provinces, 2 cities (prefectures), 6 counties (cities), reducing the threat of human interference and providing tigers and leopards with A safe living space has been created, making the scene of tigers roaring in mountains and forests and leopards leaping over Qingchuan reproduce again.

This is the main activity area for wild Siberian tigers and Siberian leopards. In order to track and protect these “big cats” between the white mountains and black waters, the national park adopts “black technology”. The trigger-type shooting equipment distributed throughout the park can transmit the images of passing wild animals to the management department in real time. The artificial intelligence system can complete the identification of species based on the images. For target species such as Siberian tigers, it can also complete the individual identification based on their patterns. , to achieve a comprehensive tracking of the wild survival conditions of wild Siberian tigers and leopards in natural habitats.

Hainan Tropical Rainforest Country Park: See the wonderland of tropical rainforest island

Hainan tropical rainforest is located in the central and southern part of Hainan Island, accounting for about 1/8 of the total land area of ​​Hainan Island. The warm and humid water and heat conditions have nurtured more than 95% of the island’s virgin forests, including the main mountains and rivers of the island. The national park is centered on Wuzhi Mountain and radiates to Yingge Mountain, Diaoluo Mountain, Jianfeng Mountain, Bawang Mountain and Limus Mountain. It is called the green heart and green lung of Hainan Island. Its biodiversity index is comparable to that of the Amazon rainforest in South America, and it is the place with the most dense biological species in China.

The Hainan gibbons are one of the rarest animals in China. There are currently 36 Hainan gibbons living in the Hainan Tropical Rainforest National Park. The slender arms and small stature enable Hainan gibbons to navigate the heights of the rainforest with ease, and they seldom descend trees throughout their lives. In order to protect the only surviving Hainan gibbons, people plant native plants they like to eat, and lay ecological rope bridges between the canopies of more than ten meters, taking care of these magical arboreal elves.

Wuyi Mountain National Park: See the “Double Heritage” Spot of Bishui Danshan

Wuyi Mountain National Park has a total area of ​​1,280 square kilometers and is located in the Wuyi Mountains at the junction of Fujian Province and Jiangxi Province. North Section. The rolling hills and the winding Wuyi Mountains are like a natural barrier. The climate here has significant vertical changes, warm and humid, and the four seasons are distinct. It is the only national park in the country established in the world’s dual heritage protection area and the world’s biosphere reserve.

Wuyi’s mountains and rivers are amazing in the world, and thousands of peaks and ravines are picturesque. A long time ago, Wuyi Mountain was a vast ocean. After the crustal movement of the Mesozoic era, the metamorphic rocks and volcanic rocks spread throughout the entire national park. Later, through water erosion, bedrock weathering, and gravityThe collapse has created a changeable mountain shape and a splendid rock gully. The Jade Girl Peak is slim, the Dawang Peak is majestic and straight, and the Eagle’s Mouth Rock is about to fly.

This is a “paradise for birds”, and there are many birds inhabited by national first-class protected birds, such as yellow-bellied pheasant, white-necked long-tailed pheasant and Chinese merganser duck; this is also a “snake”. Among them, the golden-billed swallowtail, known as the “fairy among butterflies”, has become the only butterfly that has been listed as a national first-class protected animal.

(@People’s Daily Economic Society)