Cervical cancer is a common malignant tumor in women, and its incidence ranks second in women’s multiple tumors, second only to breast cancer. There are 500,000 new cases, usually in women aged 40-60, a disease caused by human papillomavirus infection.
Predisposing factors for cervical cancer
1. Low immune function
The body with low immune system function Decreased ability to resist HPV infection, such as patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection, patients taking anti-rejection drugs after organ transplantation.
2. Premature sex and multiple sexual partners
Sexually active women between the ages of 16 and 18 are more likely to be infected with HPV than other women, and more sexual partners are infected with HPV The greater the chance.
The older you smoke, the higher your risk of developing cervical cancer after HPV infection.
Women who are more fertile and productive have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer after HPV infection. Other long-term infections of the reproductive tract can lead to an imbalance of vaginal flora, which can increase the risk. Obesity and low consumption of vegetables and fruits can also lead to the disease.
Cervical cancer is painless in the early stage, once 4 “abnormalities” appear, or It is the uterus that is “calling for help”
Many women diagnosed with cervical cancer are very puzzled while they are sad, how can they get sick when they are usually healthy? What about cervical cancer? Why are there no symptoms of cervical precancer?
In fact, it is not that there is no precursor to cervical cancer, but that everyone has not noticed it. If these abnormalities are found, it is very likely that the uterus is calling for help. Please pay more attention.
1. Contact bleeding p>
Vaginal secretions (leucorrhea) mixed with blood droplets after sexual intercourse or after constipation and exertion, sometimes filamentous, sometimes dark red . Women over the age of 30, who have given birth and live together as husband and wife, suddenly experience vaginal spotting bleeding after sexual intercourse, which should be taken seriously as an early signal of cervical cancer.
2. Irregular vaginal bleeding
< p data-track="17">Present as non-menstrual light vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods and postmenopausal vaginal bleeding. The former is easy to be regarded as irregular menstruation, the latter is easy to be regarded as the performance of menopause. But this irregular vaginal bleeding is indeed seen in the early stage of cervical cancer and is the first symptom of the patient.
3. Abnormal vaginal discharge< /p>
Most manifested as increased leucorrhea, accompanied by changes in color and odor. The symptoms of increased leucorrhea generally appear later than contact bleeding. The supernatant is normal in color and taste, and gradually changes into serous secretions. Advanced cervical cancer may have rice-like or watery leucorrhea.
4. Abnormal waist and abdomen pain
In fact, the position of the uterus is the waist and abdomen of women. Or if there is no strenuous exercise, but finally there is irregular waist and abdomen pain that cannot be relieved even by rest, you need to be alert to whether it is a signal caused by cervical lesions.
How can cervical cancer be prevented?
1. Use contraception
Some young women don’t care about abortion. They feel that abortion is easy and painless now. As everyone knows, miscarriage is particularly harmful to women’s bodies, and can cause a variety of gynecological diseases, and even cause cancer. Use contraception and birth control to avoid the harm caused by miscarriage and reduce the causes of cancer.
2. Keep it clean
Keeping clean is important to prevent bacterial growth and reduce the chance of illness. Wash the vulva every day, use special utensils, and do not mix it between family members. Change and wash underwear every day and wash with special equipment. Keep your home environment clean and disinfect regularly. Dry the bedding regularly and change the bedding in time. Companion cleaning is just as important, while paying attention.
3. Regular physical examination
With the development of medical technology, cervical cytology screening can detect and treat cancer before it changes, and the mortality rate of cervical cancer can be significantly reduced. Therefore, it is very important to have regular gynecological examinations, especially for women over 35 years old, it is best to do a comprehensive gynecological examination every year.
Any disease is related to personal resistance and immunity. Even if they suffer from the same disease, people with strong immunity are easier to recover. Keeping a good mood can significantly improve immunity and keep you away from disease. The majority of female friends, don’t give up on yourself, dress up beautifully and live happily every day.
Is HPV vaccine safe for life?
With the launch of 2, 4 and 9 valent HPV vaccines, my country has ushered in a boom in HPV vaccination. Many women are getting vaccinated. However, is it really safe to sit back and relax after being vaccinated against HPV?
The bivalent and quadrivalent vaccines currently marketed in China can prevent and control 70% of the risk of cervical cancer, while nine The vaccine can prevent 90% of cervical cancers. You can choose to receive different HPV vaccines under the guidance of your doctor according to your age and economic status.
But even if vaccinated, it does not fully cover all subtypes of high-risk HPV. Also, getting the HPV vaccine is not a one-time-for-all. In 2016, Sarah Tate, a famous Australian rower who had been vaccinated against HPV, died of cervical cancer at the age of 33.
So even if you are vaccinated against cervical cancer, you should do regular cervical cancer screening. Through physical examination, even if infected with high-risk HPV virus, it takes 8-10 years for cervical precancerous lesions to gradually progress to cervical cancer. In this window period, which is conducive to cervical screening, simple and effective intervention can block the lesions. possibility of developing cervical cancer.
Therefore, the HPV vaccine is important, as is regular cervical cancer screening.
Cervix cancer prevention screening is cytology and HPV detection. Women younger than 21 years old No need to check, women aged 21-29 should have a cytology check every 3 years, women aged 30-60 recommend HPV testing combined with cervical cytology, every 5 years, and a single cytology check every 3 years Annually, HPV screening alone is not recommended.
>65 years old, women with negative results in multiple previous examinations do not need screening, and patients with CIN2 or CIN3 or carcinoma in situ should continue routine age-based screening for at least 20 years. Women who have had a hysterectomy do not need to be tested and are suitable for women who do not have cervical cancer and who have not had CIN2, CIN3, carcinoma in situ, or cancer in the past 20 years. Women who have been vaccinated against HPV need to follow age-specific recommendations for screening like unvaccinated women.