The eye is the body’s most sophisticated sensory organ and has been likened to a “super camera”. According to the density of retinal cells, the number of pixels in the eye can reach 500 million. How to maintain and repair? Please read this manual carefully.
Most Common Eye Problems
Retinal Vascular Disease
After retinal vein occlusion occurs, blood return is not Unblocked, some blood vessels will leak, resulting in macular edema, and patients often have blurred vision;
Retinal artery occlusion is caused by problems with blood vessels throughout the body, and people’s vision will be severely reduced at this time. , or even can’t see clearly;
The capillaries in the eyes of diabetic patients are prone to lesions, and the bleeding point blocks the retina, resulting in varying degrees of vision loss, which is diabetic retinopathy.
The lens is like the lens of the eye, which is normally transparent and allows light to pass through smoothly. With the increase of human age, the lens gradually becomes cloudy, the transmittance decreases, and the human vision also declines.
Contraindications for eye use
hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia
High blood pressure can cause high blood pressure Blood pressure retinopathy, in severe cases, retinal hemorrhages or even edema, affecting vision; high blood pressure is often accompanied by hyperlipidemia, which can easily lead to retinal vein occlusion and arterial occlusion;
The microvessels of diabetic patients often exist It is prone to leakage and edema, and is often accompanied by thrombosis and vascular occlusion, resulting in retinal tissue ischemia and affecting vision.
The longer the duration of diabetes, the higher the incidence of eye disease.
The eyeball of people with high myopia is larger than that of normal people, and the retina will also extend and become thinner, which is easy to happen damage, resulting in retinal detachment or retinal tears. People with high myopia develop cataracts earlier.
Long-term UV exposure can cause cataracts. In the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and other regions, ultraviolet rays are strong, and the incidence of cataract is relatively high.
Eyes’ fault judgment
Retinal vascular disease and cataract can be expressed as Vision is unclear. If your vision is still blurry after wearing glasses, you need to seek medical attention immediately.
Macular degeneration can cause distortion of vision. Look at the window frame or other straight lines. If you find that it is distorted, it means that there is visual distortion and there is a problem with the macula.
If there is a fixed black shadow in the field of vision that blocks the line of sight, it means that there is a problem with the eyes. The retina or optic nerve may be damaged.
Wearing sunglasses in areas and seasons with strong sunshine can Avoid strong light and ultraviolet rays to stimulate the eyes.
Control “Three Heights”
Control blood pressure, blood lipids and blood sugar as directed by a doctor. At the same time, you must maintain good living habits, keep your mouth shut and open your legs. In addition, diabetic patients should pay attention to monitoring blood sugar.
Check the eyesBottom
Patients with type 2 diabetes should check their fundus regularly every year; when a problem with the fundus is found, it needs to be checked every three months or half a year according to the severity of the condition.
People with high myopia are more likely to suffer from eye diseases than the general population and need regular fundus examinations.
Now the technology of cataract surgery is very mature, there is no need to wait for it to mature. Cataract surgery is usually not long, and some can be done in just a few minutes.
Diabetic retinopathy can choose laser treatment to prevent the retinopathy from progressing. Although the laser treatment can cause some minor damage to the eye tissue, it can stabilize the existing vision.
Injecting medicine into the eye can reduce macular edema and improve vision. During the injection, the doctor will use anesthesia, and the needle used for the injection is also very thin and will not cause damage to the eyes.
(CCTV Health Road)