Recently, the reporter learned from the Qinghai Lake National Nature Reserve Administration that in 2021, a total of 59 species of water birds were monitored and recorded in Qinghai Lake, and 570,000 water birds flew to Qinghai Lake.
According to the “Qinghai Lake National Nature Reserve Monitoring Report”, from March 2021 to February 2022, the systematic monitoring of water birds, vegetation, and water level changes, focusing on the endangered species black-necked cranes and common Population number and dynamic distribution of Przewalski’s gazelle, grassland status, aboveground biomass and species diversity of Przewalski’s gazelle habitat.
The results of water bird monitoring in 2021 show that a total of 59 species of water birds have been monitored and recorded in Qinghai Lake, including 1 national first-class protected bird, the black-necked crane, and national second-class key protected birds including whooper swan, horned hornet, black There are 5 species of necked bird, white spoonbill, and grey crane; 12 species of waterfowl reach or exceed 1% of the world population distribution; the total annual statistics of waterfowl is about 570,000, an increase of nearly 108,000 compared with 2020.
The monitoring results of endangered species in 2021 show that the population of Przewalski’s gazelle has increased significantly in 15 monitoring sample areas around the lake, including 6 distribution areas in Qieji Township, and the number of Przewalski’s gazelle has increased by nearly 4 times in 10 years; in 2021 Qinghai The population of black-necked cranes in the lake is 117, which is the same as the population in 2020.
In recent years, through ecological protection, ecological construction and effective management of wetland ecosystems, Qinghai Province, as the main habitat for waterfowl and an important node of the international migration channel for migratory birds, the ecological function and ecological role of Qinghai Lake have been continuously enhanced, attracting Numerous water birds breed, rest and overwinter in Qinghai Lake.
Among them, the total statistics of water birds in Qinghai Lake from 2016 to 2021 showed a clear upward trend on the whole, with an average annual increase of more than 50,000 birds. In the past six years, the total annual statistics of water birds remained at more than 378,000 birds.
(Headquarters reporter Yang Cheng and Liu Chuqi)