5 common birthmarks in babies, which ones may be cancerous? Which ones don’t care, 60 seconds to distinguish

“Why do I have a birthmark when my child is born?”

“Is there anything I shouldn’t eat during pregnancy?”

The above inner worries and anxieties are believed to be the reactions of many mothers when they encounter birthmarks on their babies. Where did these birthmarks come from? Will it affect the baby’s development?

First, let’s learn about birthmarks.

Birthmarks are usually born when a child is born. Some special birthmarks may grow a few weeks after birth. Mothers can pass through the gap between the child’s body and the normal skin. It can be distinguished by the difference in color and shape, such as red, black, cyan, etc., and some will also show the phenomenon of raised skin.

Some common birthmarks are neither good nor bad for the human body, just let it exist naturally; but there are some special types of birthmarks that may be signs of disease and require treatment, so it is necessary be treated differently.

Secondly, birthmarks are generally divided into two categories by color: vascular birthmarks and pigmented birthmarks.

Vascular birthmarks: Mainly caused by abnormal blood vessels in the skin, the more common ones are hemangiomas and port-wine stains, usually pink, bright red, and purple.

Pigmented birthmarks: caused by clusters of pigment cells, common ones are coffee spots, Mongolian spots and nevus of Ota, usually pale yellow, gray, black, and coffee.

Vascular birthmark

Hemangioma: It is recommended to go to the hospital for confirmation

There are many types of hemangioma. Generally, we mainly refer to infantile hemangioma, which is a red or purple lump that protrudes from the skin. They may be small spots at birth, grow rapidly over the next 6 months, and then enter a remission phase. It can occur anywhere in the body, but more than half of them occur in the head and neck.

Most hemangiomas can heal themselves, but it should be noted that, in addition to infantile hemangiomas, some may also be congenital vascular malformations. Vascular malformations cannot be cured, so it is recommended to go to the hospital confirmed.

Port wine stains: best treated within 1 year of age

Port-wine stains often appear at or shortly after birth and develop as the baby grows. Unlike hemangiomas, port-wine stains rarely regress spontaneously, and if untreated, they can persist for life, and may even darken in color, diffuse hypertrophy, and nodules, seriously affecting their appearance.

It is recommended to treat the baby within 1 year of age. After the age of 1 year, the cure rate will be greatly reduced. After adulthood treatment, not only the number of treatments will increase, but also it is difficult to completely remove it.

Pigmented birthmarks

Coffee spots: Treatment can be determined based on the degree of visual impact

Coffee spots are mostly brown birthmarks that can appear before or after birth, anywhere on the body, and vary in size, shape, and shade, and look like coffee Mixed colors in different proportions with milk.

Whether the coffee spot needs to be treated can be considered according to its long position and size. If it seriously affects the appearance, it can be treated by laser for the sake of the child’s mental health. Recurrence can be surgically removed.

Mongolian Spot: Regresses on its own without treatment

Mongolian spots are very common among newborn babies in my country. They usually appear on the baby’s butt, other parts of the body or on the limbs. The colors are mainly light blue, gray-blue, and blue-blue. Colors, shapes, like bruises.

Mongolia spots basically do not need to be treated, and generally disappear within the baby’s 3-4 years old without leaving any traces, so mothers can rest assured.

Nevus of Ota: It will not subside, early treatment is recommended

Ota mole is more common in baby girls, andCommon in Asians. Some are present at birth, while others appear during childhood or adolescence. Its overall shape is irregular, appearing around the orbits, forehead, nose, etc., appearing as gray-blue, bluish-black, gray-brown spots or patches.

Ota nevus affects the appearance of the face very much, and it will not subside, and it will have some impact on the child’s psychology. It is recommended to treat as soon as possible after discovery, and it is generally more appropriate to treat before the age of 2-3. The preferred method is still laser, and generally patients can have significant results after 4-6 treatments.

Finally, mothers must pay attention: The above are some common birthmarks and their treatment methods. At present, there is no scientific method to effectively prevent the occurrence of birthmarks. Once a birthmark is found, it is not necessary to be too Be in a hurry, judge the type first and then treat, don’t believe in remedies, earthwork or something, so as not to cause secondary damage to the baby.